The world’s biggest gold-mining countries

Gold is mined in around 90 countries worldwide. Some of the countries that historically have been top producers continue to be so, including Australia, Canada, the USA and South Africa. But China is now the world’s top producer, having increased productivity significantly since 2005. In 2011, Kazakhstan entered the top 20 of gold-mining countries for the first time.

  • Argentina

    The contribution gold has made to Argentina’s economy has increased significantly over the first decade of the 21st century.

  • Australia

    Australia continues to be at the forefront of world gold production.

  • Brazil

    The Paracatu mine in Brazil is estimated to hold 17.5 Moz of gold. Brazil’s 16 other large scale mines are only estimated to hold a combined 18 Moz .

  • Canada

    In terms of listings, Canada is home to more of the world’s ‘Top 100’ mining companies

  • Chile

    As gold production has increased in many other countries, Chile’s position within the Top 20 gold producing nations has slipped from 13th in 2000 to 17th in 2010.

  • China

    As well as being the world’s largest producer of gold, China represents one of the most significant markets for gold consumption.

  • Colombia

    At an estimated 0.45%, gold’s contribution to Colombia’s GDP is at a decade high, rising from 0.19% at the turn of the century.

  • Ghana

    Known during colonial days, as the Gold Coast, with independence in 1957 the country opted for the name Ghana.

  • Indonesia

    Although Indonesia currently produces less gold than Peru, it is estimated to have nearly four times the amount of gold reserves of Peru.

  • Kazakhstan

    Increased gold production in Kazakhstan saw it enter the list of Top 20 gold producing nations for the first time in 2010.

  • Mali

    Based on GDP per capita ($691), Mali is one of the world’s ten poorest nations. Gold is, however, a major source of development potential for the country.

  • Mexico

    Between 2008 and 2011, gold production in Mexico increased by 55%, from 41.4 tonnes per year, to 64.2 tonnes per year.

  • Papua New Guinea

    Gold makes a very significant contribution to Papua New Guinea’s economy.

  • Peru

    Peru’s history is inextricably linked with gold from the Inca days to the time of the Spanish Empire.

  • Philippines

    Gold production in the Philippines is centred on the Masbate mine, which accounts for more than 60% of the reserves.

  • Russia

    Russia produced 209 tonnes of gold in 2011, a 3.6% increase on the previous year.

  • South Africa

    South Africa dominated global gold production in the 20th century and in one year – 1970 - accounted for 79% of the entire world’s production.

  • Tanzania

    Large scale gold mining is a relatively recent development in Tanzania; where there are now five large scale mines operated by World Gold Council members.

  • United States

    Historically, three quarters of United States gold has come from just five states.

  • Uzbekistan

    The Muruntau in Uzbekistan, part of the Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combine, is one of the world’s largest single open pit gold mines.